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Porton Down Crime "News"
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Newsgroup Leader Katheen
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Joined: 20 Jan 2006
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PostPosted: Sat Jul 15, 2006 4:09 am    Post subject: Porton Down Crime "News" Reply with quote


MoD tests on humans 'unethical'
Some trials of chemical agents on human volunteers at Porton Down
laboratories were "unethical", according to a report published by the
Ministry of Defence.

The report says a number of tests in the 1940s and 1950s involved
"serious departures" from the ethical standards that should have been

But the report's independent ethical assessor said concerns related to
only a few of the hundreds of tests done.

Sir Ian Kennedy said they had never gone beyond what should be

Professor Kennedy oversaw the work of MoD officials conducting a
historical survey of tests at Porton Down, launched in 2000 in response
to the concerns of veterans that they may have suffered lasting damage
to their health.

He said there was "no evidence to justify a conclusion that the conduct
of the trials at any point went beyond the limits of what should ever
be contemplated, far less tolerated, in a civilised society".

Nerve agents

Among the tests Professor Kennedy highlighted which he felt may not
have met ethical standards were:

# Trials of liquid nerve agents on bare skin, carried out between 1951
and 1953, including one test which led to the death of 20-year-old
Leading Aircraftman Ronald Maddison in 1953

# The trials in 1951 of the nerve agent GD, in which the lethal dose
was not known with sufficient certainty

# The trial in 1958 of the nerve agent VX, which involved the use of
what, at the time, was regarded as the lethal dose

# The trials in 1942 involving the exposure of volunteers to H vapour
in the scrotal region, in which he said it appeared likely volunteers
gave no real consent

# The trial in 1945 of a substance from captured German shells, which
exposed volunteers to danger without first seeking to determine the
nature of the substance

Moral standards

He also said there were "question marks" over experiments carried out
from the 1950s to the 1970s in which the eye condition miosis was
artificially induced, which he said "might be said by some to have
constituted too great a step into the unknown".

But Professor Kennedy said the tests were carried out in "a thorough,
painstaking, careful and often ingenious manner" and were "obviously of
great importance in assessing military effectiveness".

And he cautioned against judging the researchers involved against the
moral standards of today's comparatively peaceful world.

"The work was conducted at Porton in difficult times," he said.

National security

In response to the report, the MoD said in a statement: "These trials
must be viewed in the context of the Second World War and the Cold War
and their associated pressures.

"The nation was facing a real threat and these trials were essential
for national security in that context.

"Much has changed in law and ethics in the half century since many of
these experiments and there is a danger in seeking to apply today's
standards when those reflect evolution over that period and did not
represent the prevailing standards at the relevant time."

It added: "The Ministry of Defence is very grateful to all those whose
participation in studies at Porton Down made possible the research to
provide safe and effective protection for UK Armed Forces."

Story from BBC NEWS:

Published: 2006/07/14 13:08:49 GMT

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